Pruning cherries in the fall - basic recommendations with video

 Pruning cherries in the fall - basic recommendations with video


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Pruning cherries in the fall does not require the gardener to be as careful and thoughtful about each action as pruning an apple or pear. Many even believe that pruning cherry bushes is completely unnecessary, since they regularly bear fruit from year to year, regardless of whether they are looked after or not. And someone deliberately refuses autumn pruning, believing that thereby only harm the crop and reduce the resistance of cherries to winter frosts.

Autumn pruning of cherries: when, what and why to prune

Of course, there is a great temptation to let everything take its course - the cherry grows by itself among other gardeners, and in the autumn months you already have a lot of important things to do on the site. Nevertheless, it is definitely worth carrying out this procedure, because this way you can significantly increase the yield, extend the life of the tree and reduce the risk of developing diseases on the cherry, which means you will save yourself from unnecessary trouble in the future.

No matter how experienced gardeners assure you of the opposite, know that stone fruit trees, including cherries and cherries, equally need both spring pruning and autumn.

Cherry pruning video

The timing for pruning branches is determined according to the climatic zone and can range from the 10th of September to the last days of November. The main rule is to cut off the branches when the cherry is already dormant, but do not wait for the onset of frost. Once the foliage has fallen, stone fruit trees can only be pruned in the southern regions.

Planted seedlings should not be cut off in the first autumn, since a fragile young tree runs the risk of freezing at the cut points. But in the future, autumn pruning will already be needed, especially for sanitary purposes, since during the season some branches may be damaged or affected by diseases, or they will simply dry out and interfere.

Sanitary pruning of cherries in the fall months involves cutting and then burning all dry, diseased, damaged branches. Places of cuts on cherries are processed with garden varnish.

Timing suitable for pruning branches is determined according to the climatic zone

Also, the autumn pruning of cherries is carried out annually in order to thinning the crown, which implies the removal of branches growing in an undesirable direction, rubbing, crossing and directed at an acute angle of branches.

Mature cherry trees with a thickened crown are a separate case. Good autumn pruning is simply necessary for them, because large shoots growing inside the bush shade the bush, from which the fruits ripen worse, and the cherry itself weakens. With strong thickening, excess branches are removed in two to three seasons, otherwise the tree will spend too much energy on recovery after one grand pruning. It is necessary to cut out large branches from thickened cherry bushes, first of all, leaving small ones. The cherry harvest will not suffer from this in any way.

Things to consider when pruning cherries in autumn

When thinning the crown, it is important to consider whether bush or tree cherry grows in your garden. Depending on the type of cherry, the formation of its crown will differ. So, in tree varieties, annual shoots need to be shortened annually in order to stimulate the development of lateral branches and twigs, on which fruits are then formed. And in bushy varieties, annual growths are not removed, otherwise the entire branch may dry out.

When thinning the crown, it is important to consider whether a bush or tree cherry grows in your garden

In addition, for tree cherries, after a while, further growth will need to be limited and the main attention is paid to intertwining branches, strong growths on the inner and lower surfaces of large branches. Bush cherries, prone to thickening, you will have to thin out more carefully, cutting out all large branches without pity.

Important subtleties when pruning cherries:

  • make sure that the branches of the first tier depart from the trunk at an angle of no more than 40 degrees, otherwise the tree sooner or later risks breaking;
  • to create a solid cherry skeleton, remove all branches that can claim to be the top;
  • medium-sized and vigorous cherry varieties are shortened in the fall by cutting off the central conductor to a side branch;
  • for biennial cherries in the fall, those branches that have reached a length of 60 cm are shortened by a third;
  • young cherries do not need to be heavily pruned, otherwise their fruiting will slow down;
  • by reducing the number of flower buds, you will accelerate the growth of branches;

Make sure that the branches of the first tier depart from the trunk at an angle of no more than 40 degrees

  • with a weak annual growth (shoots have grown by less than 30 cm), autumn pruning should be strong;
  • sometimes instead of several small branches it is better to cut one large one;
  • horizontally growing cherry branches give an earlier and more abundant harvest;
  • without hesitation, remove those shoots that grow down on the branches of the first tier;
  • up to a height of about 80 cm, the stem of the cherry tree must remain free of shoots;
  • cuts after branches with a diameter of more than one centimeter must be covered with garden varnish for early healing;
  • all cut branches must be removed from the garden immediately to prevent the multiplication of garden pests that like to hibernate in plant debris so much.

Video on how to properly trim cherries

Cherry pruning is carried out with a sharp garden saw or a sharpened knife - the pruner harms the ends of the branches.

If you have a poor idea of ​​how to properly prune cherries in the fall, the video attached to the article will help you better understand the intricacies of this process. Regular maintenance of your cherry orchard won't take you too long, but the results will surely delight you!

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When and how to properly prune cherries in the fall: schemes for beginners, videos, timing and rules for pruning

Pruning is a very important procedure for cherries. It helps to correctly shape the tree, rid it of old and diseased wood, and also increase the yield. For inexperienced gardeners, this procedure presents a certain difficulty, therefore, the following topics are discussed such as pruning cherries in the fall for beginners in pictures, goals and objectives, as well as a method of carrying out work for various types and varieties of this fruit tree.


Favorable time for pruning

Each region has its own terms of the procedure:

  • in central Russia, the Volga region, Moscow, Leningrad regions - this is September-mid-October
  • for the Urals and Siberia - no later than the end of September
  • in the south of the country, pruning is carried out in November.

Pruning cherry trees along with leaves is only possible in warm regions. In other areas, the procedure is carried out before shedding the foliage.

The main condition is not to wait for severe frosts, otherwise the winter hardiness of the plant will decrease. The branches are cut in dry weather, before the onset of cold weather.


How to prune cherries?

Sweet cherry begins to bear fruit in the 4th-5th year and bear fruit on annual growths and annual bouquet branches.

Many modern cherry varieties have a rounded crown shape, in which there is no pronounced central shoot, and all skeletal branches bear the same load and fruit and growth shoots.

In young non-fruiting trees, shoots that grow at an acute angle are deflected with a load, a spacer or a garter to the lower branch, so that in the future such a branch does not break under the weight of the berries. Deviating branches, on the contrary, are pulled up to the trunk so that compact the crown.

If the annual growth is weakening and is less than 20-25 cm, it is necessary to carry out anti-aging pruning on lateral ramification... In this case, 2-4-year-old branches are removed. Anti-aging pruning is carried out after 3-4 years. The emerging spinning top shoots are shortened and transferred to the category of fruiting branches.

Once every 3-4 years, it is necessary to carry out anti-aging pruning of cherries

If you regularly prune cherries and cherries in your garden, a good berry harvest will not keep you waiting.


Autumn pruning of cherries: when, what and why to prune

Of course, there is a great temptation to let everything take its course - the cherry grows by itself among other gardeners, and in the autumn months you already have a lot of important things to do on the site. Nevertheless, it is definitely worth carrying out this procedure, because this way you can significantly increase the yield, extend the life of the tree and reduce the risk of developing diseases on the cherry, which means you will save yourself from unnecessary trouble in the future.

No matter how experienced gardeners assure you of the opposite, know that stone fruit trees, including cherries and cherries, equally need both spring pruning and autumn.

Cherry pruning video

The timing for pruning branches is determined according to the climatic zone and can range from the 10th of September to the last days of November. The main rule is to cut off the branches when the cherry is already dormant, but do not wait for the onset of frost. Once the foliage has fallen, stone fruit trees can only be pruned in the southern regions.

Planted seedlings should not be cut off in the first autumn, since a fragile young tree runs the risk of freezing at the cut points. But in the future, autumn pruning will already be needed, especially for sanitary purposes, since during the season some branches may be damaged or affected by diseases, or they will simply dry out and interfere.

Timing suitable for pruning branches is determined according to the climatic zone

Also, the autumn pruning of cherries is carried out annually in order to thinning the crown, which implies the removal of branches growing in an undesirable direction, rubbing, crossing and directed at an acute angle of branches.

Mature cherry trees with a thickened crown are a separate case. Good autumn pruning is simply necessary for them, because large shoots growing inside the bush shade the bush, from which the fruits ripen worse, and the cherry itself weakens. With strong thickening, excess branches are removed in two to three seasons, otherwise the tree will spend too much energy on recovery after one grand pruning. It is necessary to cut out large branches from thickened cherry bushes, first of all, leaving small ones. The cherry harvest will not suffer from this in any way.


Terms of work

It is advisable to carry out spring pruning in central Russia in April, because it is in this month that the awakening and swelling of the kidneys begins. This is due to the fact that cherries are very fond of warmth and wake up when the returnable strong frosts have passed. In the southern regions of Russia, spring pruning is possible at the end of February or in March, because spring warmth comes there earlier, and there are practically no frosts.

The timing of work on the autumn pruning of cherries is also different for all regions. In areas where the autumn cold comes early, gardeners prune cherries until the end of the second decade of September. This is especially true in the northwest, as well as in central Russia. In the southern regions, they know how to properly prune cherries in the fall - until the end of November, while the days are warm. Sometimes, in warm autumn, pruning is possible in early December.

A universal advice may be the following: in the spring, pruning is carried out when the night thermometer readings are stable above 0, and in the fall - with a steady decrease in night temperatures to +3, without waiting for the onset of frost.

Cherry pruning - video

In conclusion, it should be noted that the most important condition for successful pruning of shoots is knowledge of all the features of the life cycle of stone fruits in general and cherries in particular, as well as the ability to determine the type of shoot so as not to remove branches with fruit buds, which will lead to loss of yield. As for the timing of the pruning, then, choosing any type - spring, summer or autumn, you need to be guided by the recommended timing of the operation. If all the conditions are met, it is possible not only to significantly extend the life of a cherry tree, but also to receive bountiful harvests from it for many years.


Watch the video: Sweet Cherry Summer Pruning FGNtv


Comments:

  1. Kelvin

    No I can't tell you.

  2. Blayney

    I have faith in this.

  3. Bercilak

    I congratulate you, this very good thought is falling by the way

  4. Idrissa

    You were visited with simply magnificent idea



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