10 best varieties or how to choose pea seeds for outdoor use

10 best varieties or how to choose pea seeds for outdoor use

Both adults and children love to eat green peas. Practically in every vegetable garden there is a place for vegetable legumes, moreover, agricultural technology does not include complex measures. An important component of a good harvest is the selection of a variety and high-quality pea seeds. With the current assortment of seed, making a choice is not so easy, a description of the different varieties will help you with this.

The best varieties of peas for open ground

In this article, you can familiarize yourself with the most popular varieties, the yield and quality of the fruits of which have been tested for years.

Peas Alpha

The ripening period of the Alpha variety is early, from the moment of germination of shoots above the soil surface to technical ripeness, 45-55 days pass. The variety has a stable yield (6-7 t / ha), resistance to fusarium, ascochitosis and other diseases.

The height of the bush in centimeters reaches 55, 2 beans are formed in each sinus, 5-9 seeds develop in a pod 7-9 in length.

The peculiarity of the culture lies in the high market value and taste due to the high sugar content in the composition.

When sowing, the scheme is used: row spacing - 20, the interval between seeds - 5, the depth of immersion of the peas - 3-4.

Sugar grade

Early ripening peas with a growing season of 55-60 days. The height of the bush reaches 50-70 cm, and therefore requires a garter. Pod parameters at the stage of technical ripeness: length - 7-8 cm, number of seeds - 5-9 pieces. The culture is resistant to ascochitosis and powdery mildew.

With proper fertilization of the soil at the stage of preparation for sowing, no further feeding is needed. Features of the fruit - very sweet taste, ideal for canning. Yield indicators: 7-8 t / ha.

Ambrosia

A high-yielding variety with a maturation period of 45-56 days. The bush is formed to a height of 70 cm, so a garter or installation of trellises is required. In the axil of the plant, 2 beans each develop. At the stage of technical ripeness, the pod length reaches 8-10 cm, each contains 6-8 seeds... Disease resistance is average, tolerance to fusarium is noted.

Sowing work is carried out in May, and in June it is time to harvest (up to 1.3 kg per 1 m2). When planting, the scheme is used: 30x15, the immersion depth of the peas is up to 5-6 cm.

Regular application of mineral fertilizers prolongs the fruiting period, which increases the yield.

Vera

A super early pea variety with a growing season of 50 days. The bush is formed of medium size, reaching a height of half a meter. Straight or slightly curved pods contain 6-9 peas. Amicable germination of crops is replaced by no less amicable fruiting.

Intense maturation requires additional nutrients that need to be added as top dressing every 10 days. Harvest up to 500 grams per square meter. When disembarking, the scheme is used: 15x5, immersion depth - 4-6. The beans are used fresh, for freezing and canning.

Oscar

A high-yielding early-ripening variety with a growing season of 65-69 days. Bushes are formed high, reaching 80 cm, so trellis should be installed along the bed or tie to individual pegs. The pod is large, dark green in color, up to 9 cm long, contains 10-12 seeds. Average disease resistance, the plant is tolerant to fusarium wilt... Yield indicators: 7 t / ha.

When planting, the scheme is used: 20x6 cm.If high-quality soil fertilization was carried out before sowing, then fertilizing can be omitted.

Baby sugar

An unpretentious high-yielding variety with a growing season of 60-70 days. A strong stem is formed up to 80 cm in height, which provides for the procedure of tying or installing a trellis. On one bush, an average of 14 pods are tied, each reaching 5-8 cm in length, the number of peas is 6-9 pieces.

The peculiarity of the plant is the absence of a parchment layer, which allows you to use the fruits fresh without extracting from the pods.

Also, the beans are suitable for freezing and canning.

The culture has an average resistance to diseases, withstands night spring frosts, therefore it is suitable for growing in Siberia. Agrotechnology is very simple, there are no special conditions for watering and fertilizing.

Sugar Oregon

A medium-early ripening culture with a vegetation period of 55-70 days. Peas are considered one of the best for growing in the Moscow region. The height of the bush sometimes exceeds the 1 m mark, so trellises must be installed along the beds. The average length of the beans is 7-9 cm, each containing about 7 peas with a smooth surface. The peculiarity of Sugar Oregon is the thickness of the parchment layer, it is so thin that it can be eaten with the pod.

When disembarking, use the scheme: 30x15. Young shoots develop intensively in fertile soil rich in calcium (the medium should be neutral or slightly acidic). Aeration also affects the yield, so it is carried out regularly.

Pharaoh

The culture is mid-season with a growing season of 68-85 days. The peculiarity lies in the high yield, about 18, 9 centners are removed from one hectare. The plant has good immunity, easily tolerates drought. Tolerance to root rot and ascochitosis is noted. The number of nodes up to the first inflorescence is 11-15, 3 flowers are formed on each.

Firework

Ripening period - early, the growing season lasts days. The bushes have a powerful stem, therefore, at a height of 65-80 cm, a garter is not a must. Ripe pods reach a length of 8-9 cm, each containing 7-8 peas. Brain variety is distinguished by high commercial characteristics and taste.

Troika

Late ripening plant with a vegetation period of 78-96 days. The bushes are of medium length, so a garter must be made.

Small peas in a bean are formed by small 6-7 pieces, but very sweet, for which they are appreciated by farmers and cooks.

Yield indicators - 5 t / ha. The top three belongs to the brain varieties, the taste, as well as the marketable ones, are at their best.

Even a novice gardener can cope with growing peas in the open field. As a reward for the time and effort spent, you can get a nutritious and vitamin-rich product that will complement the delicate taste of many dishes.


10 best varieties or how to choose pea seeds for outdoor use

Both adults and children love to eat green peas. Practically in every vegetable garden there is a place for vegetable legumes, moreover, agricultural technology does not include complex measures. An important component of a good harvest is the selection of a variety and high-quality pea seeds. With the current assortment of seed, making a choice is not so easy, a description of the different varieties will help you with this.

In this article, you can familiarize yourself with the most popular varieties, the yield and quality of the fruits of which have been tested for years.

Peas Alpha

The ripening period of the Alpha variety is early, from the moment of germination of shoots above the soil surface to technical ripeness, 45-55 days pass. The variety has a stable yield (6-7 t / ha), resistance to fusarium, ascochitosis and other diseases.

The height of the bush in centimeters reaches 55, 2 beans are formed in each bosom, 5-9 seeds develop in a pod 7-9 in length.

Pea variety Alpha

The peculiarity of the culture lies in the high market value and taste due to the high sugar content in the composition.

When sowing, the scheme is used: row spacing - 20, the interval between seeds - 5, the depth of immersion of the peas - 3-4.

Sugar grade

Early ripening peas with a growing season of 55-60 days. The height of the bush reaches 50-70 cm, and therefore requires a garter. Pod parameters at the stage of technical ripeness: length - 7-8 cm, number of seeds - 5-9 pieces. The culture is resistant to ascochitosis and powdery mildew.

With proper fertilization of the soil at the stage of preparation for sowing, no further feeding is needed. Features of the fruit - very sweet taste, ideal for canning. Yield indicators: 7-8 t / ha.

sugar peas

Ambrosia

A high-yielding variety with a maturation period of 45-56 days. The bush is formed up to 70 cm in height, so a garter or installation of trellises is required. In the axil of the plant, 2 beans each develop. At the stage of technical ripeness, the length of the pod reaches 8-10 cm, each contains 6-8 seeds. Disease resistance is average, tolerance to fusarium is noted.

Sowing work is carried out in May, and in June it is time to harvest (up to 1.3 kg per 1 m2). When planting, the scheme is used: 30x15, the immersion depth of the peas is up to 5-6 cm.

Regular application of mineral fertilizers prolongs the fruiting period, which increases the yield.

A super early pea variety with a growing season of 50 days. The bush is formed of medium size, reaching a height of half a meter. Straight or slightly curved pods contain 6-9 peas. Amicable germination of crops is replaced by no less amicable fruiting.

Intense maturation requires additional nutrients that need to be added in the form of top dressing every 10 days. Harvest up to 500 grams per square meter. When disembarking, the scheme is used: 15x5, immersion depth - 4-6. The beans are used fresh, for freezing and canning.

Peas Oscar Description of the variety Ambrosia Pea seeds Vera

Oscar

A high-yielding early-ripening variety with a growing season of 65-69 days. Bushes are formed high, reaching 80 cm, so trellis should be installed along the bed or tie to individual pegs. The pod is large, dark green in color, up to 9 cm long, contains 10-12 seeds. Disease resistance is average, the plant is tolerant to fusarium wilt. Yield indicators: 7 t / ha.

When planting, the scheme is used: 20x6 cm.If high-quality soil fertilization was carried out before sowing, then fertilizing can be omitted.

Baby sugar

An unpretentious high-yielding variety with a growing season of 60-70 days. A strong stem is formed up to 80 cm in height, which provides for the procedure of tying or installing a trellis. On one bush, an average of 14 pods are tied, each reaching 5-8 cm in length, the number of peas is 6-9 pieces.

The peculiarity of the plant is the absence of a parchment layer, which allows the fruit to be consumed fresh without being removed from the pods.

Also, the beans are suitable for freezing and canning.

The culture has an average resistance to diseases, withstands night spring frosts, therefore it is suitable for growing in Siberia. Agrotechnology is very simple, there are no special conditions for watering and fertilizing.

Pea seeds baby sugar

Sugar Oregon

A medium-early ripening culture with a vegetation period of 55-70 days. Peas are considered one of the best for growing in the Moscow region. The height of the bush sometimes exceeds the 1 m mark, so trellises must be installed along the beds. The average length of the beans is 7-9 cm, each containing about 7 peas with a smooth surface. The peculiarity of Sugar Oregon lies in the thickness of the parchment layer, it is so thin that it allows you to use the fruit along with the pod.

When disembarking, use the scheme: 30x15. Young shoots develop intensively in fertile soil rich in calcium (the medium should be neutral or slightly acidic). Aeration also affects the yield, so it is carried out regularly.

Pharaoh

The culture is mid-season with a growing season of 68-85 days. The peculiarity lies in the high yield, about 18, 9 centners are removed from one hectare. The plant has good immunity, easily tolerates drought. Tolerance to root rot and ascochitosis is noted. The number of nodes up to the first inflorescence is 11-15, 3 flowers are formed on each.

Peas Pharaoh Pea Seeds Oregon Peas Salute

Firework

Ripening period - early, the growing season lasts days. The bushes have a powerful stem, therefore, at a height of 65-80 cm, a garter is not a must. Ripe pods reach a length of 8-9 cm, each containing 7-8 peas. Brain variety is distinguished by high commercial characteristics and taste.

Troika

Late ripening plant with a vegetation period of 78-96 days. The bushes are of medium length, so a garter must be made.

Small peas in a bean are formed by small 6-7 pieces, but very sweet, for which they are appreciated by farmers and cooks.

Peas Three

Yield indicators - 5 t / ha. The top three belongs to the brain varieties, the taste, as well as the marketable ones, are at their best.

Even a novice gardener can cope with growing peas in the open field. As a reward for the time and effort spent, you can get a nutritious and vitamin-rich product that will complement the delicate taste of many dishes.


Unusual types of peas

Peas have many varieties, for example, there are varieties without leaves. Due to the intertwined whiskers, plants almost do not need to put up supports, but the yield of leafless peas is unstable, depending on the amount of moisture in the soil and air.

Common varieties of leafless peas:

  • Ailla
  • Slider
  • Aksai mustache
  • Yamal
  • Pharaoh
  • Rocket peas.

There are peas of unusual color or size:

  • Purple sugar... Such peas bloom in a beautiful purple color with a pleasant smell. The beans are also purple, they look beautiful in the green foliage. The 8 cm long pod contains 8-9 tasty greenish-purple peas. This tall, mid-season variety has a height of 1.5 m.
  • Red - another kind of unusual peas. It has a thin stem and small grains. The small round peas range in color from dark orange to red. Red peas grow mainly in Asia.
  • White peas differs from its congeners in platinum-colored inflorescences and light green grains.
  • Purple king Is an early pea variety that has bright purple pods and green peas. Peas are consumed fresh and after heat treatment.
  • Russian size. Its beans are more than 1 cm in diameter. These are large, tasty and sweet peas.
  • Chickpea... Unusual varieties include chickpeas. The shape of its fruit resembles a ram's head. In ancient times, chickpeas were used not only for food, but also as a medicine. It is from it that the famous Azerbaijani piti soup is prepared.
  • Soy. Another type of peas is Chinese oil peas - soybeans. Sauce, milk, meat, cheese are made from it, and also added to sweets.
  • Meadow peas - this rank is another species of the legume family. It grows in Europe, USA and China. Contains ascorbic acid, minerals and vitamins. Used in the treatment of diseases such as bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, colds, insomnia.


Large pea seeds

Large pea varieties are grown by many vegetable growers, as they are distinguished by tasty and large fruits. Due to the large size of the peas, the average pod length reaches 15-20 cm. To prevent the stems from breaking under the weight of such a large crop, it is recommended to install garter supports near the bushes.

Prelado

This large pea variety is one of the earliest ripening legumes. The growing season of Prelado peas is about 35-40 days, which allows you to harvest fresh crops in late May or the first half of June. The surface of the polka dots is covered with large wrinkles and is painted in a dark greenish color. More than six peas are formed in each shoulder blade. Prelado's stem is tall and grows to 75-80 cm in height. If you plant a plant in a greenhouse, the height of the bushes can reach 90-100 cm.

The advantages of Prelado include the ability to adapt to high temperatures. This allows a good harvest even when grown in hot climates.

Gribovsky 11

The variety was bred by domestic breeders for cultivation in the northern regions of the country. The fruits of peas Gribovsky 11 ripen quite quickly - within 40-50 days after planting the beans in the garden. The bushes of the plant are low and grow only up to 40 cm. Therefore, when growing Gribovsky 11, it is not necessary to tie the stems to a support.

The pods are straight, with a slight bend near the apex. A fully ripe pod grows up to 10-12 cm in length and 1-2 cm in width. The seeds of Gribovsky 11 have a wrinkled surface and are yellowish with a green tint. Peas taste good and are therefore often frozen for the winter or added to vegetable dishes.


A productive variety of Dutch selection with medium ripening of beans. The height of the bush varies between 70-120 cm, the length of the pods does not exceed 10 cm, each one forms 8-10 peas, the diameter of which is 6-8 mm. The variety is resistant to temperature drop and fusarium wilt. Producers of canned peas highly value it for its stable yield and excellent taste.

A variety, the ripening time of the crop of which is medium early, since the growing season lasts from 60 to 70 days from the moment the seedlings hatch. The stem is powerful enough, its height can reach 70-80 cm, it is not necessary to tie up the plants. On each bush, approximately 12-14 pods (5-8 cm) are formed, which have a dark green color, 7-9 peas are formed inside, they have a sweet taste.


TOP-10 of the best varieties of sweet peppers for open ground

There are many varieties of bell pepper, so it is very difficult to dwell on one. However, I would like to note the most popular varieties for cultivation in the open field, which experienced gardeners consider the best:

"Funtik"

The variety is early maturing, the vegetative period is one hundred and ten days from the moment of planting the seeds. Plant height 0.5-0.7 meters strongly leafy. A vegetable of the correct cone-shaped non-relief shape, weighing 145-180 grams. At the stage of full maturity, it has a deep red color. The pulp is sweetish, aromatic. The thickness of the pericarp is up to seven mm.

The benefits include:

  • not susceptible to viral diseases
  • does not require shaping and tying
  • rich harvest - 17 fruits per bush
  • good transportability
  • variety of use.

"Czardas"

A very early ripening crop grown in heated greenhouses and unprotected soil areas. The duration of maturation is one hundred days. The plant is sixty - seventy centimeters high. A cone-shaped vegetable, weighing 180-220 grams. The pulp is dense, juicy, and has a sweet taste. The density of the walls is six mm. The color at primary maturity is orange. Upon reaching full ripeness, the vegetable acquires a red-yellow color.

  • a large number of ovaries
  • immunity to fungal diseases
  • tolerates lower temperatures, drought
  • excellent presentation remains with appropriate storage for up to three months
  • universal use
  • fruits can be used at any stage of ripening.

"Barguzin"

Medium early variety. The ripening period is one hundred and ten - one hundred and twenty days. The bush is very spreading. Height 85-110cm. At an early stage of development, plants need to be pinned and tied up. Fruits are elongated, cone-shaped, weighing from 170 to 195 grams. The density of the pericarp is 6 mm. The pulp is fleshy, sweetish taste. When ripe, the color is bright yellow. Consumed fresh. With proper care, from 15 to 18 peppers are obtained from one plant.

  • resistant to tobacco mosaic virus
  • not damaged by pests
  • adapts well to different growing conditions
  • successive fruiting
  • retains its presentation for 60 days
  • high productivity.

"Cornet"

Vegetable culture of early ripening. The growing season is 90-100 days. The variety is tall, reaches a height of 115-155 cm. The peppers are oblong, prism-shaped, in relief, weighing about 260 grams. The color of the fruit in the technical stage is dark green. When ripe, it acquires a deep purple or dark brown color.

  • a large number of ovaries
  • simultaneous maturation
  • high yield - 15 peppers from one bush
  • disease resistance
  • high content of vitamins.

"Chord"

An early maturing vegetable crop, the growing season of which is 95-110 days. Tall plants - up to one hundred centimeters. Fruits weighing up to two hundred grams grow on a bush in a dangling state. Wall density up to 8 mm. At the stage of technical maturity, the color is pale green, at the time of full maturity, the pepper will acquire a red color. Culture demands good lighting. Lack of sunlight negatively affects the development and yield of the variety.

Positive characteristics are:

  • resistance to tobacco mosaic virus and verticillium
  • excellent taste
  • high yield
  • versatility of application.

"Pinocchio F1"

An early ripe hybrid variety with a vegetative period of 87-100 days. Bushes 0.7-1 meter high, do not require shaping. Fruits are oblong, conical in shape with a slight ribbing, weighing from 100 to 120 grams. Wall thickness 4-5mm. The skin is firm, but not rough, the taste is sweet. The vegetable is at the stage of technical maturity, dark green in color. At the time of ripening, it has a burgundy red color.

Distinctive features are:

  • resistance to high temperatures, wind, rain, drought
  • good presentation
  • high yield - 10-13 kg per bush
  • excellent taste data
  • high content of vitamins C, B, PP
  • a small amount of sunlight does not affect plant development and productivity.

Refers to early varieties with a ripening period of 105-115 days. Differs in low-growing bouquet-type bushes about 0.5 meters high, with a small root system. Used for thickened plantings. The vegetable has a conical shape with a pointed end. The mass of the vegetable is one hundred twenty to one hundred seventy grams. In the period of technical maturity, the fruits are dark green in color and watery in taste. At the stage of full ripening, the pulp acquires a pronounced sweet taste and juiciness, the color turns red.

  • good yield - up to 30 pieces are harvested from one bush per season
  • tolerates adverse weather conditions well
  • resistance to viral diseases
  • versatility of application.

"Actor"

An early maturing vegetable crop, the growing season of which is 95-110 days. The plant is 0.8-1.5 meters high, with bouquet-type shoots. Fruits are large, highly elongated conical in shape with a rounded end, weighing 240-310 grams. Pericarp thickness 7mm. Technical maturity occurs on day 112. At this stage, the color of the pepper is light green. During the ripening period, the vegetable acquires a bright scarlet color. The pulp is juicy, with a pronounced aroma.

  • high commercial qualities
  • good disease resistance
  • intended for fresh consumption and canning
  • undemanding to growing conditions.

"Bagration"

The plant is early maturing. The period from emergence to technical maturity is 100-110 days. The bushes are medium-sized, spreading, 85-120 cm high. Fruits are prismatic, ribbed, weighing 150-200 grams. Wall thickness 6.5 mm. At the stage of technical maturity, they have a pale green color, when ripe they are orange.

  • great taste
  • high yield - fifteen peppers from one bush
  • resistant to temperature extremes
  • good immunity to diseases
  • universal application.

"Smile"

High-yielding early ripening variety. From the moment of emergence of the first shoots to the initial stage of maturity, 112-120 days pass. The vegetable culture has medium-sized bushes ranging in height from seventy-five to one hundred centimeters. Fruits are cone-shaped, weighing 190-245 grams. The color of technically ripe fruits is green. In the biological stage of ripening, the vegetable is red. Designed for cultivation in heated and unheated greenhouses.

  • vegetables can be eaten at any stage of maturity
  • resistant to adverse natural factors
  • high yield - 16 fruits from one bush.

Cultivation of pepper will not cause much trouble even for novice gardeners, if you create the necessary growing conditions for this vegetable crop. When choosing a variety, it is recommended to take into account climatic conditions and personal preferences regarding the color and shape of the fruit.

Other varieties of pepper used for outdoor use in our catalog


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