Cucumber varieties for Ukraine: choosing the best

 Cucumber varieties for Ukraine: choosing the best

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Cucumbers are very popular in Ukraine, in the garden and on the table. For a long time, it was believed that these are useless vegetables, consisting only of a lot of water. However, now it is already known that cucumbers contain many useful trace elements, vitamins, electrolytes. They are also very tasty, especially grown with love on their own plot.

The best varieties for protected soil in Ukraine

By planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, gardeners expect to get an early and bountiful harvest. In the spring in Ukraine there is a danger of recurrent cold snaps, and in summer there are frequent temperature fluctuations, therefore, it is better to use stress-resistant cucumber hybrids for greenhouses:

  • April F1 is a popular high-yielding hybrid of long-term fruiting with shortened lateral shoots requiring formation. Cold-resistant, allows you to get a high yield in adverse weather. Fruits with a delicate skin, tasty, aromatic, with small seeds, salad.
  • Cybria F1 is an unpretentious hybrid. The plant is vigorous, open, with increased formation of an ovary, requires formation to accelerate fruiting. Quickly regenerates after stress (cold, drought), picky about feeding. Zelentsy are beautifully shaped, smooth, deep dark green color. The pulp is juicy and firm. Best used for pickling and pickling.
  • Connie F1 is a vigorous bunch hybrid. Bushes with unlimited growth, medium-growing. High resistance to temperature extremes and resistance to adverse factors allows you to get a large yield under any weather whims. The fruits are tasty, universal.
  • Meringue F1 is a tall hybrid. Medium-growing bushes of an open type give off the harvest in unison. The variety is not susceptible to heat and prolonged cold snaps, has a high regenerating ability. Attractive greens are thin, dark green with a beautiful waxy coating. The pulp is without bitterness, firm. Pickled cucumber, but also in fresh form has a good taste.
  • Paratunka F1 is an unpretentious and hardy hybrid with long-term fruiting. It is immune to temperature fluctuations and produces good yields with minimal maintenance. Cucumbers with a delicate skin, aromatic, crispy and sweet pulp. An excellent variety for pickling and fresh consumption.
  • The Patti F1 is a vigorous hybrid with unlimited main lash growth. Gives a high yield under any unfavorable conditions. Highly resistant to a number of common diseases. Fruits have a delicate taste, sweetish and crunchy, but do not last long. Universal purpose.
  • Saracen F1 is a Turkish hybrid known in Ukraine as Mosaic. A vigorous plant with a powerful and rapidly developing root system is able to bear fruit without damage on the ground infected with root nematode. There are different ways of forming a bush, the main condition is to avoid thickening of the plantings. Zelentsy are thin, fragrant, sweetish. A salad variety, but not bad for blanks.
  • Cedric F1 is a Dutch hybrid. Medium-branched bush, with unlimited growth of the main stem and a powerful root system, requires formation. Produces profusely under unfavorable conditions. The fruit tastes good. The hybrid is insensitive to high salt concentrations in the soil and can be successfully grown in saline areas.
  • Mother-in-law F1 is a high-yielding hybrid with a smooth yield. Medium-growing plant tolerates sharp temperature fluctuations. Cucumbers are smooth with aromatic and tender pulp, crispy. Ideal for canning, delicious in salads.
  • Tchaikovsky F1 is a hybrid of Dutch selection. Forms an open, compact shrub with a strong root system. Fruits are small green cylinders with thorny thorns. Delicious, no bitterness. The cucumber is characterized as stress and disease resistant. Requires mineral dressing.
  • Shchedrik F1 is a bunchy hybrid with a strong root system. High-yielding, resistant to adverse conditions, long-term fruiting. The bushes are strongly leafy, medium-leaved. The fruits are of excellent taste, both fresh and canned.

Table: comparison of the main characteristics of greenhouse cucumbers

NameRipening periodFruit size / weightResistance to common diseasesProductivity kg / m2
powdery mildewcucumber mosaic viruscladosporiosis (brown spot)
April F1early 40–45 days15-25 cm 160-300 g+++17–25
Cybria F1ultra early 35–45 days10-11 cm 70-80 g+++13–19
Connie F1mid-early day 47-507-9 cm 60-80 g+13–16
Meringue F1ultra early 37-40 days10-12 cm 100-110 g+++13–15
Paratunka F1early40–43 days8-10 cm 80-100 g++12–16
Patti F1medium early 40–45 days10-11 cm 60-90 g+++11–25
Saracen F1ultra early 35-40 days12-15 cm 80-90 g+++15–20
Cedric F1medium early 40–45 days12-14 cm 100-110 g+++14–15
Mother-in-law F1mid-early days 42–4610-12 cm 100-120 g++11–14
Tchaikovsky F1early40–42 days8-10 cm 70-80 g+++13–20
Shchedryk F1early42-45 days10-12 cm 90-100 g+++11–14

Photo gallery: varieties for greenhouses of Ukraine

Varieties for open ground, popular in Ukraine

In the open field, you can grow self-pollinated and bee-pollinated hybrids and varieties of cucumbers. It is believed that self-pollinated cucumbers are resistant to diseases and unfavorable weather, and bee-pollinated ones are tastier.

Parthenocarpic hybrids

Self-pollinated hybrids, the most popular in Ukraine:

  • Adam F1 is an early ripe hybrid. A medium-sized plant with small leaves is preferably grown on a trellis. Bears abundantly throughout the growing season. Zelentsy are even, beautiful, small tuberous. The pulp is dense, tasty, sweetish, the seeds are small. The variety is resistant to diseases and quickly recovers after the influence of unfavorable factors. Universal purpose.
  • Cupid F1 is an ultra-early cold-resistant hybrid. Tall plant with self-regulating branching. Does not require bush formation. Amicable return of the harvest in the first month. Salad fruits, very tasty.
  • Herman F1 is one of the most popular varieties. High-yielding, with bundle formation of ovaries - 6–7 fruits are formed in the knot. The plant needs to be formed into one stem. Cucumbers with a delicate sweetish taste for universal use. The variety is immune to many common diseases, but does not tolerate heat well. Should be planted in partial shade.
  • Director F1 is a relatively new, stress-resistant and unpretentious, strong-leaved variety. Forms a large number of stepchildren that require regular removal to increase yields. Resistant to many diseases, shade-tolerant, stress-resistant. Fruits are thin, with pale green pulp, slightly crunchy. Salad destination.
  • Dolomite F1 is an early hybrid suitable for growing on pickles (up to 5 cm) and gherkins (up to 8 cm). The plant is open, medium-growing, medium-sized. The variety is characterized as stress-resistant, quickly recovering from illness, adverse effects of heat, drought or cold. Zelentsy are slightly ribbed, with a thin skin, dense and crispy flesh. Delicious pickled.
  • The F1 Emerald Stream is an early hybrid popular for its original fruits reaching a length of half a meter. The plant is powerful, strongly branched, grows on supports. It responds to the pinching of lateral shoots by the formation of new ovaries. Differs in resistance to diseases, pests, cold snaps, shade-tolerant and drought-resistant. A very tenacious variety. Fruiting almost until the first snowfall. The fruits are not only original, but also delicious - sweet and crunchy. Salad destination.
  • Crispina F1 - mid-early unpretentious and resistant to adverse conditions hybrid. An ideal variety for cultivation by beginners who have not yet figured out the tricks of the garden. Does not require formation, except for the removal of leaves that thicken the planting. Long-term fruiting. Zelentsy with dense crispy pulp are used for salting.
  • Mashenka F1 is a new medium-ripening variety. The plant is medium-sized, forms up to 6 ovaries in one node. Differs in long-term fruiting - until the October cold. The fruits are sweetish, with a pleasant crunch. The hybrid is resistant to diseases, stressful conditions and weather conditions. Universal purpose.
  • Trilogy F1 - mid-early, low-growing hybrid. The main crop is formed on the central stem, so the bush needs shaping. 3-4 ovaries are laid in the leaf axil. The hybrid gives the main crop in the first month of fruiting. Resistant to many diseases, stress, recovers quickly. Fruits are small, excellent taste, versatile.

Table: hybrid cucumbers that do not require pollinators

NameRipening periodFruit size / weightResistance to common diseasesProductivity kg / m2
powdery mildewcucumber mosaic viruscladosporiosis (brown spot)
Adam F1mid-early41-52 days9-10 cm 90-95 g+++8–10
Cupid F1ultra early 37-40 days12-15 cm 90-110 g+++12–14
Herman F1early maturing 40–45 days10-12 cm 70-80 g+++8–9
F1 Directormedium early 42–45 days9-12 cm 60-80 g+++8–10
Dolomite F1ultra early 38-40 days9-12 cm 80-100 g+++5–8
Emerald Stream F1early maturing 40–44 days30-50 cm 200-300 g++5–7
Crispin F1medium early 44-50 days10-12 cm 100-120 g+++6–8
Masha F1early maturing 40–45 days8-11 cm 80-100 g+++7–11
Trilogy F1medium early 45–48 days8-10 cm 65-75 g+++8–16

Photo gallery: outdoor cucumber varieties

Bee-pollinated varieties and hybrids

The most popular bee-pollinated varieties include:

  • F1's loyal friends are an ultra-early beam hybrid. The plant is climbing, with a weak formation of lateral shoots, does not require formation. In the axil of the leaf, up to 8 ovaries can be laid. The hybrid is immune to cold and many diseases. Fruits are green with white stripes, tasty and without bitterness, universal use.
  • Hector F1 is a super ultra early hybrid. Bushes are low-growing, compact, with shortened lateral shoots, do not need to be formed. Resistant to many diseases. The yield is amicable, for several harvests. The fruits are very tasty, mildly sweet, universal.
  • Othello F1 is an early fruitful hybrid. A medium-growing and highly branching plant requires formation and a garter. 3–6 ovaries are laid in the leaf node. Fruiting is abundant and amicable. Poorly resistant to adverse weather. Immune to a complex of diseases. Fruits with a dense and crispy pulp are used for pickling and pickling.
  • Parade is an ultra-early varietal cucumber. The bushes are medium-sized, medium-growing, with single ovaries. The variety is fruitful. Weakly resistant to disease. Fruits without bitterness, universal purpose.
  • Phoenix is ​​a very popular varietal cucumber. Not susceptible to temperature fluctuations. Long-term fruiting, very productive. Weakly resistant to disease.

Table: characteristics of bee-pollinated varieties

NameRipening periodFruit size / weightResistance to common diseasesProductivity kg / m2
powdery mildewcucumber mosaic viruscladosporiosis (brown spot)
Loyal friends F1ultra early 37–39 days8-10 cm 90-110 g-++2,5–2
Hector F1ultra early 28–34 days10-12 cm 95-100 g+++3–4
Othello F1early41–45 days8-12 cm 70-80 g+++8–10
Paradeultra early 37–42 days8-11 cm 95-105 g+--9–10
Phoenixmid-early 40–43 days10-13 cm 75-95 g---6–7

Photo gallery: insect pollinated varieties

Planting cucumbers in the greenhouse

Cucumber beds can be prepared both in autumn and early spring a few weeks before planting. The earth is dug up and humus or compost is added at the rate of a bucket per 1 m2, as well as mineral fertilizers: 20-30 g of nitrogen and potassium, 34-40 g of phosphorus per 1 m2.

Instead of mineral fertilizers, ash is used - 1 tbsp. 1 m2.

If during the preparation of the beds, organic matter and fertilizers were not applied, then they can be added to the holes immediately before planting, having mixed well with the ground.

For cucumbers, a loose, fertile soil is required, air and water permeable, only then the plants will form a strong root system. Temperature conditions are very important. If the temperature in the greenhouse at night is less than 8 ° C, then some of the small roots of the emerged or planted plants will die. In the future, with warming, the roots will not be able to absorb the required amount of water and nutrients. Plants will grow poorly and hurt. The optimum daytime temperature for the formation of ovaries is from 15 ° C. At a temperature of 0 ° C, all plants will inevitably die.

Methods for planting cucumbers in a greenhouse

Cucumbers in the greenhouse can be planted with seedlings or seeds. Many gardeners prefer to use these two methods at the same time.

Seed planting

3 seeds are planted in prepared holes at a distance of 40-50 cm, covered with earth and watered abundantly. After watering, the soil should be easily loosened with a rake. Seeds can be planted dry, swollen, laid in water for several hours, or germinated. At the time of planting, the soil must warm up to 12 ° C, otherwise the seeds will rot in the cold and moist soil.

After planting the seeds, the bed can be covered with a film, but do not miss the seedlings, otherwise, under the film, the tender sprouts will instantly burn out. Of the sprouted plants, the strongest is left in the hole, and the rest are pinched, but not pulled out.

After sowing the seeds, the bed is covered with a film

Seedling method

The advantage of the seedling method is early harvesting. But during transplantation, the roots of the plant can be injured, and then the cucumber will take root for a long time and hurt.

Experienced gardeners advise planting seedlings when three real leaves appear. Taller bushes are more difficult to take root.

You can grow cucumber seedlings in peat-humus tablets, peat or plastic cups. You need to plant seedlings carefully in the spilled holes without damaging the roots. Fall asleep until the cotyledon leaves, being careful not to injure the fragile stem. Pour water on top of the hole too (not very abundantly) and top up with dry earth or humus. The result is a mulching layer that will prevent crust from forming on the soil surface.

The distance between bushes in a row should be at least 50 cm, and between rows - about 1 m. Cucumbers do not like thickened plantings. It is better to plant seedlings in cloudy weather or in the evening.

Cucumber seedlings are planted in cloudy weather or in the evening

Planting cucumbers in open ground

In all regions of Ukraine, cucumbers in open ground, as well as in a greenhouse, can be planted with seeds and seedlings. Planting with seeds is a less labor-intensive method, and many gardeners choose it. Sowing is carried out at the onset of stable warm weather. For the southern and eastern regions, this time is closer to mid-May, for the western and northern regions: late May - early June.

A simple way to prepare the garden

For cucumbers, it is worth choosing a plot of the garden, well warmed up by the sun, on which tomatoes, onions, and cabbage grew last season. You can not plant cucumbers again on last year's garden and where the squash and melons grew.

A bed for cucumbers needs to be dug up. When digging, sand, organic matter (humus, compost), ash are added to the soil.

Some vegetable growers cover the dug up bed with a film so that the earth warms up faster.

Presowing seed preparation

Some seeds are sold already processed, information about this is indicated on the package, and the seeds themselves are most often colored - red, pink, green. They can be planted directly into the ground. They sprout a little longer than untreated ones, but the germination rate is 100%, and they are not eaten by pests living in the soil.

Untreated seeds can be disinfected in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate or with special preparations. They are sold in seed shops.

There are times when all the seeds from the purchased pack do not germinate, therefore, in order not to be so disappointed and not to waste time, you can try to germinate a few seeds by poking a few seeds into a flower pot. Usually, there are a lot of unprocessed, inexpensive seeds in a pack, so there will be enough for both checking and planting.

Sowing seeds

For the entire length of the prepared bed, grooves or holes are made, no more than 4 cm deep, and they are spilled with warm water, you can use a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. The holes are dug at a distance of 20-30 cm, 2-3 seeds are laid in them (the treated seeds are placed one at a time), the seeds are spread into the furrows at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. They are sprinkled with soil with a layer of 1.5-2 cm. If the soil is too dry, then you can pour a little on top and immediately loosen it easily.


It is very important that the cucumber seedlings do not outgrow. Planting is best tolerated in the three-leaf phase. Holes for seedlings are dug at a distance of 30–40 cm from each other. Humus, ash are laid in them and mixed with the ground. You can not add anything, and when the cucumbers start to grow, add ash and humus under the bushes.

Before planting, the wells are watered abundantly with water and the plants are transferred from the cups, trying not to damage the roots and not cover the cotyledon leaves with earth. The planted bushes need to be watered so that the earth fills the voids between the roots and the plant starts growing faster.

In no case should you pour cold water on cucumbers!


When planting cucumbers with seeds or seedlings, in a greenhouse or open ground, you need to take care of the quality of the soil, regularly pay attention to young plants, thin out, water if necessary. In comfortable conditions, cucumbers will start growing faster, will not get sick and will delight you with abundant harvests.

Varieties of imported hybrids for open ground

Description and characteristics of seeds of Dutch selection for open ground. Imported seeds are classified as early, medium and late.


An early new hybrid of a Dutch tomato with a high yielding capacity. It has a very short ripening period and a long fruiting period.

The time from the moment of planting for seedlings to the receipt of the first ripe tomatoes is usually 88-92 days. The variety can be grown both on open ground and under a film. The color of the unripe fruit is light green, the ripe fruit is red. The weight of one fruit varies from 180 to 220 g.

The maximum yield can be 9.1 kg per square meter. This variety does not respond to verticillium and fusarium wilting. Read about Adam cucumber seeds here.

Sowing seeds for seedlings should be done 60 days before the start of planting in the ground. Usually seeds are treated with thiram and do not require soaking.


The most productive tomato variety that can withstand the harsh natural conditions of the continental climate. Medium early appearance (95-110 days between planting of seedlings and ripening). The variety is powerful, undersized, the stems are well developed and do not require a garter. The fruits are large and fleshy, weighing about 150-200 g of a rich red hue. They have good taste. The yield can increase up to 15 kg from 1 sq.m. with proper care.


The variety is medium early (98-105 days), heat-resistant and large-fruited. Can be grown outdoors and under a film covering. The bush is medium in size and compact.

Fruits are dense and juicy, have a special taste characteristic of pink tomatoes. The mass of an average tomato in the open field reaches 130-160 g, in greenhouse conditions 160-180 g. Ripe fruits have a beautiful pink color (with mother-of-pearl).

The variety is not prone to cracking. The harvest brings up to 6 kg per sq.m.

This species can be grown with thickening - up to 5 seedlings per 1 sq. M. Fertility grows by 90%, and the size of tomatoes remains practically unchanged.

A medium early type of tomato (107-110 days), used for open ground and greenhouses. The bush is powerful, compact and heat resistant. It does not require additional shaping, which greatly facilitates its care. Fruits are firm, red in color and high in sugar. The variety is lightweight and not prone to cracking.

Resistant to diseases such as alternative stem cancer, gray leaf spot, verticillium wilt. The yield allows you to collect up to 3 kg from 1 sq. M. with proper care.

Super Red

Early ripening high-yielding variety (65-70 days) Super Red. The bush is powerful but compact and requires garter and shaping. The average fruit weight is 160-200 g with a uniform bright red color. Great for hot growing conditions.

Resistant to fusarium and verticillary wilting, tomato mosaic viruses and yellow curly leaves of tomato. It has a high yield potential and excellent taste due to its high sugar and vitamin content.


Early type of tomato (86-91 days). Low-growing and high-yielding. Fleshy fruits of bright red hue weighing up to 150 g. The skin is thin, but quite dense, protects the fruits from cracking. There are very few seeds in the pulp, which is dense and juicy. The sweet taste of the fruit is rich.

The harvest can reach 6.2 kg per sq. M. The variety is not susceptible to fusarium and verticillosis. Due to early maturation, it is not affected by late blight.

Differs in good tie at low temperatures. As a result, it is suitable for growing on open soil in the middle climatic zone.

Description of the best varieties of pickling and barrel cucumbers for greenhouses and open ground

The taste of vegetables is influenced not only by the processing method, the composition of the marinade, but also by their characteristics. Salad hybrids are only suitable for fresh consumption, since they become soft and tasteless when heat treated. And no matter what recipe the hostess uses, such fruits will not crunch. Breeders have bred many hybrids, some of which are suitable for preservation, other vegetables are better for pickling, barrel cucumbers have excellent taste. Salted varieties do not lose their properties after processing, do not acquire bitterness, are good fresh, suitable for fermentation.

Pickling cucumbers, what are they?

If you look closely, you can identify the fruits from which only salads are made. Zelentsy are covered with a thin skin, painted in a dark color, have neither thorns nor white stripes, have a decent length. Fresh, such cucumbers are very tasty, but not suitable for harvesting. Cultivars, the fruits of which have a cylindrical shape, are decorated with light stripes, and the skin is covered with thorns and tubercles, are good in salting.

Breeders have bred hybrids and common varieties, the greens of which are used for different purposes and differ in appearance from both salad and pickled cucumbers. The shape of the fruit resembles a spindle, the skin has a light shade, has small tubercles.

Main advantages and characteristics of the culture

Not a single festive table can do without pickled cucumbers, but the density of the pulp affects the quality and taste of zelents. In fruits, the skin of which is covered with large tubercles, the vascular bundles located transversely to the surface are quite developed, so that even when cucumbers are soaked in hot water, the pulp will still be crispy, the taste of greens does not deteriorate, they become neither watery nor bitter.

The advantages of pickling varieties include:

  • amicable ripening:
  • high productivity
  • universal use.

In addition to the usual barrel cucumbers, hybrids have been created that, in addition to these characteristics, are immune to diseases. But summer residents who grow greens for pickling have to buy seeds every year, since they are not in the fruits of hybrids.

How to choose: dealing with diversity

The assortment of varieties of cucumbers is amazing; for conservation and other preparations, it is recommended to choose cucumbers that are adapted to the local climate and soil composition. For salting, fruits are used:

  • with large tubercles and black spines
  • with firm pulp
  • with few seeds
  • with dark sweetish skin
  • without voids inside.

The length of the zelents should not be more than 13-15 cm. Gherkins 4 or 5 centimeters in size are pickled; for larger cucumbers, a pickle of dill, mustard, spices is prepared, which results in a spicy crispy appetizer that cannot be refused.

The thorns break off during the preparation of the greens, pores are formed on the skin through which the solution penetrates into the pulp. Smooth fruits are very slippery, and cucumbers with tubercles can easily be stacked in a barrel.

Varieties and descriptions of pickling varieties

Vegetables are very fond of warmth and sun. In the south, this is enough for crops, but in the middle latitudes, cucumbers are planted under a film, and they bear fruit well. Salted varieties and hybrids, regardless of growing conditions, are suitable for filling in a barrel, pickling and canning.


Cucumber appeared at the beginning of the last century, but is still popular among gardeners, cultivated not only in the middle lane, but also in Moldova and Ukraine. The fruits of the Vyaznikovsky variety are different:

  • light green color
  • elongated shape
  • pleasant aroma
  • dense pulp.

Subject to agricultural technology, the variety gives a good harvest even in unfavorable weather. The plant can withstand minor frosts.

Parisian gherkin

An unpretentious variety is planted not only in summer cottages, but also cultivated on an industrial basis. The fruits barely grow up to 10 cm in length, are covered with many thorns, have a sweetish taste, and crunch after processing.


The bushes of the hybrid created by Russian breeders have a long stem, forming up to 8 shoots. On the 45th day after the sprouts emerge, they begin to pluck oval greens 12 cm long, the surface of which is dotted with tubercles.

Far Eastern

The variety takes root in different climatic zones, tolerates drought, prolonged rains. Fruits are laid until late autumn, harvested 2 or 3 times a week. Zelentsy up to 20 cm long when ripe, weigh 150–180 g. The skin with black thorns is decorated with white stripes, covered with a beautiful purine bloom.

What are the best cucumber varieties for the middle lane?

We present to your attention descriptions and photos of the best varieties of cucumbers, which are recommended by experienced summer residents and agronomists. All varieties of cucumbers for open ground can be divided into 2 groups: bee-pollinated and self-pollinated. There are significant differences between them.

The success of the cucumber crop depends in part on the choice of seed. The wide assortment on the shelves confuses thoughts rather than allows you to make the right decision. Novice gardeners are advised to first familiarize themselves with the varieties, their names, the characteristics of cultivation and care.

It would seem that there is nothing difficult in growing cucumbers. And this is true, but only if you approach the matter with a certain amount of knowledge. Including the varieties that are best suited for growing in your area.

- Where do you intend to grow cucumbers: in a greenhouse, greenhouse, open field or even on a windowsill?


Using my many years of experience in growing cucumbers in a greenhouse and open field, as well as having studied the reviews of other gardeners on the forums and numerous neighbors in the garden, I can confidently advise you to plant the best varieties and hybrids of cucumbers. They are suitable for growing both in greenhouses and under temporary film shelters and in the open field. Each gardener chooses what suits him best.

It would seem that there is nothing difficult in growing cucumbers. And this is true, but only if you approach the matter with a certain amount of knowledge. Including the varieties that are best suited for growing in your area.

- Where do you intend to grow cucumbers: in a greenhouse, greenhouse, open field or even on a windowsill?

Cucumber is invariably present in the human diet. This is one of the most common vegetables in post-Soviet countries.

After all, it is unpretentious and brings not only a harvest, but also financial profit to many summer residents. Greenhouse or open ground, the best varieties of cucumbers are always available.

Cucumbers can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field - breeders offer a large selection of different varieties of seeds.

Despite the fact that cucumbers are whimsical plants that require constant care and special growing conditions, they are planted by almost every summer resident - some in a greenhouse, and some, if the climate permits, in open ground.

When growing this vegetable plant, one of the important conditions for its successful fruiting is the choice of a variety for planting.

In the article, we offer an overview and description of the best varieties of cucumbers, depending on in which region and in what soil (open or closed) the plant will grow, its ripening time, yield, method of preparation.

The popularity of cucumber as the most refreshing and delicious vegetable in our gardens is unlikely to be disputed by anyone. They are wonderful both fresh and salted and pickled. Every gardener wants to grow an excellent harvest of these useful fruits.

But the selection of seed varieties on the market is so great that it can be confusing.

How to choose cucumbers according to your taste and desire? It is not so difficult if we turn to the authoritative opinion of breeders, the result of which is a list of varieties in the State Register of Breeding Achievements.

There is hardly a summer resident who does not grow cucumbers on his plot. Each assigns them a certain territory in order to provide themselves with tasty pickles for the winter.

And one of the most exciting questions, to which many are unsuccessfully looking for an answer, is how to get a rich harvest? Well, it should be said that the first step towards achieving the goal is choosing the right variety.

This article is entirely devoted to the problem of choosing varieties that will give consistently high yields. So, high-yielding varieties of cucumbers.

Growing cucumbers on your site is not so difficult if you know what varieties of cucumbers to plant. The assortment of different varieties and hybrids of cucumbers in seed shops is huge. Let's talk about the best varieties of cucumbers for open ground and greenhouses. Let's consider why hybrids of cucumbers are better than simple orts and how to choose “your” cucumber variety.

What determines the choice of a variety of cucumbers? Which is better for growing in a greenhouse and which is better for outdoor cultivation? Choosing a variety of cucumbers for your farm is not as easy as it seems. There are a number of factors to consider, each of which can be critical to the yield of a particular variety / hybrid:

The choice of a variety of cucumbers for planting is the basis of the future harvest, so it is so important to make the right decision. It should be remembered that greenhouse varieties are not always suitable for growing outdoors. And you also need to take into account the climatic features of your region.

There is hardly a gardener who does not plant cucumbers on his site. India is considered the birthplace of this plant. Cultivation of cucumber as a garden plant began in ancient Egypt and the Roman Empire. Later it spread throughout almost the entire world. Let's talk a little about the cultivation of cucumbers in the conditions of central Russia in the open field.

It would seem that there is nothing difficult in growing cucumbers. And this is true, but only if you approach the matter with a certain amount of knowledge.

Including the varieties that are best suited for growing in your area.

How to navigate in general in the abundance of cucumber varieties and choose the ones you need is described in detail and consistently in the article Choosing varieties of cucumbers. Let me briefly recall the main points.

Cucumber is a popular vegetable crop among residents of Russia and neighboring countries. The fruits of the plant are widely used in the preparation of hot and cold dishes, snacks, salads and even drinks.

Cucumber seedlings are whimsical and require special care, therefore, for a good harvest, you should take care of optimal growing conditions.

Breeders are actively working to develop hybrids suitable for planting in local soil.

Among the huge number of varieties of cucumbers, self-pollinated varieties stand out especially. They are completely undemanding to care for. They only need to create a suitable regime of humidity and air, as well as provide access to abundant sunlight and vitamin-rich soil.

In the Moscow region and central Russia, sowing seeds of self-pollinated cucumbers without seedlings in open ground begins in the last decade of May - in the first decade of June. Moreover, you can sow cucumbers even after this period - until June 20.

This container method will provide you with wonderful fruits until October.

Varieties and hybrids

Cucumbers are usually distinguished by varieties and hybrids. Varieties differ from hybrids in the continuity of the plant with all the features characteristic of its ancestor. It is worth noting that the price of varietal seeds is an order of magnitude lower than the seeds of hybrids. Also, varietal seeds make it possible to further use the obtained seed material, which has a positive effect on saving money associated with its annual purchase. Unlike varieties, hybrids with the index "F1" (heterotic) will not produce offspring similar to the parent plant, since the combination of characteristic features of such hybrids appears only in the first generation. But, despite this, hybrid plants grown from seeds have a number of such undoubted advantages as:

  • high tolerance to temperature changes and adverse weather conditions
  • high resistance to diseases
  • high yield rates of good quality and correct shape
  • a higher rate of fruit ripening than that of varietal ancestors.

When choosing cucumber seeds for planting, preference should be given to domestic, preferably zoned hybrids, since the seeds of Dutch and German hybrids are adapted to the conditions of European experimental farms, which are very different from the conditions created in greenhouses on our personal plots.

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